Greece

“Everything flows, and nothing abides, everything gives way, and nothing stays fixed”

Heraclitus

If you haven’t seen it yet, check out our last blog in the History Around the Globe Series – Japan!

By: Kristina Dong

Coming up – Greece!

Known as the cradle of Western Civilization, the birthplace of democracy, and origin of the Olympic Games – that was ancient Greece.

Photo by jimmy teoh on Pexels.com

Classical Greece (510 BC – 323 BC)

Classical Greece marks the period set after the Persian Wars until the death of Alexander the Great. This period captured remarkable political and philosophical achievements.

During this time, the city of Athens introduced the concept of Democracy, and thousand years after its glory, it is still a concept emulated in western governments.

Philosophers including Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, were born in this period and their words lives on in today’s world.

Classical Greek Philosophers | Image from slideplayer.com

Historical Figures

Alexander the Great (356 – 323 BC)

Born as the heir apparent of Philip II of Macedon, studied under the renowned Athenian Aristotle, one could say Alexander III of Macedon was destined for greatness.

Known for his military brilliance, Alexander led his army to countless victories across the Persian Empire without suffering a single defeat.

At the age of 25, he was titled the king of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, overlord of Asia Minor, pharaoh of Egypt, and the ‘great king’ of Persia!

Founding over 70 cities, Alexander created an empire that stretched across three continents and covered nearly two million square miles!

Alexander Mosaic | Image from historyextra.com

Religion

Ancient Greeks followed a polytheistic religion and believed in multiple deities. Although there were multiple gods and goddesses that existed in Ancient Greece, the twelve Olympian Gods were the most widely worshipped deities across the majority of Ancient Greek cities.

The Twelve Olympian Gods and Goddesses are Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Haphaestus, Hermes, and Hestia.

Twelve Olympian Gods | Image from bedifferentbaby.com

Popular Culture

Do you want to know more about life in ancient Greece?

Look no further! From phenomenal myths surrounding gods and goddesses to the glorious feats of Alexander the Great, there have been numerous remakes of the stories and historical tales surrounding ancient Greece

Our recommendation is the 2004 film Alexander, an historical drama film based on the same aforementioned ancient Macedonian general and king Alexander the Great!

Alexander (2004) | Image from imdb.com

Keen to go on exchange to Europe?

Want to know more about the history of wider Europe and its other fantastical tales by applying for exchange to an European partner university? Check out UNSW’s list of partner universities spanning across Europe!

Check out our interviews with Europe exchange returnees for more interesting experiences around the region!

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